BULGARIA                                                             NEXT PAGE MACEDONIA
Day 04 Sept,25,2011 Drive to Burgas

Our Balkan guide will meet the group at the Turkish border. Change of the coach and departure to Burgas overnight in Burgas

Day 05 Sept.26, 2011 Village Farm visit / Veliko Tarnovo
After breakfast we set off for Bulgaria’s middle Ages capital Veliko Turnovo. We pass through the Balkan Mountain and the unique museum-town of Arbanassi. Accommodation and O/N in Veliko Turnovo
Day 06 Sept, 27 ,2011 Veliko Turnovo – Sofia Departure to Sofia. Sofia city tour (one of Bulgaria’s oldest cities, National history museum, Church of Alexander Nevski, the unique Folklore ansamble) O/N in Sofia.
Day 07 Sept. 28, 2011 Sofia – Rila monastery – Osogovo Monastery  (Macedonia) Drive to Rila monastery. Rila monastery, Bulgaria most famous landmark, situated in the magnificent Rila Mountain. Afternoon departure to Macedonia – Osogovo monastery

   Bulgaria borders five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometers, Bulgaria ranks as the 16th-largest country in Europe. Several mountainous areas define the landscape, most notably the Stara Planina (Balkan) and Rodopi mountain ranges, as well as the Rila range, which includes the highest peak in the Balkan region, Musala. In contrast, the Danubian plain in the north and the Upper Thracian Plain in the south represent Bulgaria's lowest and most fertile regions. The 378-kilometer Black Sea coastline covers the entire eastern bound of the country. Bulgaria's capital city and largest settlement is Sofia, with a permanent population of 1,405,000 people.

The emergence of a unified Bulgarian national identity and state dates back to the 7th century AD. All Bulgarian political entities that subsequently emerged preserved the traditions (in ethnic name, language and alphabet) of the First Bulgarian Empire (681 – 1018), which at times covered most of the Balkans and eventually became a cultural hub for the Slavs in the Middle Ages. With the decline of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185 – 1396/1422), Bulgarian territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 led to the establishment of a Third Bulgarian state as a principality in 1878, which gained its full sovereignty in 1908. In 1945, after World War II, it became a communist state and was a part of the Eastern Bloc until the political changes in Eastern Europe in 1989/1990, when the Communist Party allowed multi-party elections and Bulgaria undertook a transition to parliamentary democracy and free-market capitalism. Bulgaria functions as a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic. A member of the European Union, NATO, the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, it has a high Human Development Index of 0.840, ranking 61st in the world in 2009.

Quick Facts and Figures

arrow Official Name Republic of Bulgaria

arrow Capital City Sofia

arrow Population
7 973 673 people live in Bulgaria

arrow Languages Turkish, Russian, Bulgarian others

arrow Official Currency Bulgarian Lev 1 Bulgarian Lev = 0,5 Euro

arrow Religions Eastern Orthodox, Musim, others

arrow Land Area
110910 km2


Climate data for Sofia,Bulgaria
Month Sep Oct
Average high °C (°F) 22.6
Average low °C (°F) 10.6
Rainfall mm (inches) 38
Avg. rainy days 4 7
Sunshine hours 216.0 170.5